You have to be extremely lucky if you haven’t had to go through a fungal infection. The worst about these infections is that they are quite common and can be easily obtained. Fungal infections occur in our body when our immune system cannot fight off or handle fungi growth. A foot fungus is very easy to contract. This is because our foot provides for the ideal damp environment for fungi to breed and colonize. All it takes is for our foot to come in contact with a contaminated surface. Athlete’s foot is a common foot fungal infection that often spreads to your toenails and hands if not treated correctly at the right time.
Symptoms Of Foot Fungus
These are some of the common symptoms of Athletes foot mentioned below,
- Itchy blisters on your feet
- Red and blotchy skin
- Feeling a stinging sensation or itch between or on the soles and crevices of your feet.
- Cracking or peeling of dry skin
- Weak toenails that pull away from the nail bed.
- Discolored and crumbly toenails
The most common way to diagnose a foot fungus is to perform a KOH test or a skin lesion potassium hydroxide exam. The process is quite simple.
- A sample of the infected part of the skin is taken.
- This infected sample is placed in potassium hydroxide.
- The chemicals destroy the normal skin and leave the fungal cells exposed to observation.
What Causes Foot Fungus
Athletes foot is caused when you get infected by the tinea fungus on your feet. It is a communicable disease and you can get it through direct contact from an infected person. You can also get it by coming in contact with contaminated and infected surfaces. The ideal place for fungi to thrive is in a warm, humid and moist environment.
Types Of Foot Fungus
There are three main types of Athlete’s foot:
- Chronic interdigital athlete’s foot: Do not get intimidated by the name of the disease. It simply refers to a fungal infection between the toes and fingers. It is the most common type of fungal infection. Also called as Toe web infection, this infection is characterized by scaling, fissures between the moist environment of webbed spaces. Tight fitting shoes that don’t let your skin breathe usually cause such infections. Often the fungus interacts with the bacteria causing a much worse infection. The itching intensifies as you get rid of your socks and shoes. Common symptoms include peeling red skin, burning sensation might cause the skin to turn scaly or green.
- Chronic Scaly athlete’s foot: Also called a Moccasin infection, this type of athlete’s foot is caused by a bacteria called Trichophyton rubrum. The main indicator of this infection is dry scaly skin on the sole of your feet. Your skin may be dry and ragged on the top, however, the underneath may still be pink and sensitive. The infection can affect either one foot and two hands or two feet and one hand. Your nails are at risk when it comes to this infection too. These symptoms are common in patients of asthma and eczema.
- Acute vesicular athlete’s foot: This infection is quite a rare occurrence. Vesicles are nothing but blisters, which is the main symptom of this foot fungus. Caused by a bacteria known as Trichophyton mentagrophytes. The blisters could burst and cause further infection. This infection isn’t limited to a specific area of your foot and can occur in small red blisters. It may cause an itchy rash.